ایم کیو ایم کے رکن قومی اسمبلی آصف حسنین مصطفی کمال کی جماعت پاک سرزمین میں شامل ہوگئے۔ آصف حسنین کا کہنا ہے کہ ملک مخالف نعروں کےبعد ایم کیوایم کے ساتھ نہیں چل سکتا تھا، جبکہ متحدہ قائد کی تقریر کےبعد بانیان پاکستان کےسرجھک گئے۔
کراچی میں مصطفیٰ کمال کے ہمراہ پریس کانفرنس کرتے ہوئے آصف حسنین کا کہنا تھا کہ متحدہ سے جو مجھے مینڈیٹ ملا تھا اسکو میں نے خیر باد کردیا ہے۔ ایم کیو ایم کاووٹر32 سال سے پریشانی کا شکار ہے،22 اگست کا دن سیاہ دن تھا، پاکستان زندہ باد ہے اور ہمیشہ رہے۔ انکا کہنا تھا کہ ایم کیوایم کے قائد نے پہلے بھی ایسی تقاریر کی تھیں، جس پر مجھے تحفظات تھے۔ انہوں نے دعویٰ کیا ہےکہ پی ایس پی کو متحدہ کے بہت سے اراکین اسمبلی اور اہم اراکین جوائن کرنے کی تیاری کررہے ہیں۔
دوسری جانب پاک سرزمین پارٹی کے چیئرمین…
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The article 25-A of Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan says,
“The state shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years in such a manner as may be determined by law”.
Pakistan achieved independence from British colonial rule on August 14, 1947. At independence 85% of the population was illeterate , and the condition of women and backward areas was even worse.
National Education Conference (1947)
One of the first steps towards education development in Pakistan was the National Education Conference in 1947. The Quaid-e-Azam, in his message to the Conferences said,
“There is no doubt that the future of our State will and must greatly depend upon the type of education we give to our children, and the way in which we bring them up as future citizens of Pakistan ….. We should not forget that we have to compete with the world which is moving very fast in this direction.”
National Plan of Educational Development
In 1951, a conference for Educational Development was held to adopt six-year plan for the period 1951-57. Towards the Educational Development the principal constraint identified was that of lack of trained teachers. It was studied that about 50% of the teachers in primary schools were untrained.
The plan proposed to establish over 24,000 new primary schools, and the expansion of primary schools would require over 86,000 additional teachers.
However, the efforts were failed to produce the desired results.
First Five Year Plan (1955-60)
The recommendations and programmes of the six year national plan of educational development were taken into consideration by the planning board of the government.
It proclaimed that “a system of universal primary education is imperative”. A system of free and compulsory primary education for both, boys and girls, was expected to be in place in about twenty years, i.e. by about 1975 to 1980. The Plan proposed to add 4000 new schools.
In order to achieve various targets set during the plan period, a sum of Rs.580,70 million was allocated for the education sector of the plan.
National Education Commission 1959
On 30th December 1958, led by the Chief Secretary, Mr. S. M. Sharif, National Education Commission was established.
On 5th January 1959 the Commission started to prepared education policy. On Aug 26, 1959, the Commission submitted its report covers 350 pages. The Commission reports had the following key points:-
Commission emphasized the importance on higher education, vocational education, primary education, secondary education, adult education, education, physical education, religious education, the arts, education of children with disabilities, educational institutions, and of military training.
Training of teachers and their prosperity measures were suggested.
Duration of BA / BSc courses increased from two years to three years was recommended. For passing exam percentage as a whole 50% and for pass in individual 40% marks were suggested. Fifty percent of the total number of higher education appointed exam pass forty percent of the recommended numbers. Quran-e-Pak education was compulsory. Urdu declared as a compulsory subject from six classes to degree level. Duration of initial education suggested as eight year.
The National Education Commission recommendations were useful but due to the conditions of country and the situation of resources they were not applied well.
Second Five Year Plan (1960-65)
Th second five-year plan was developed by the planning commission. It was recommended that compulsory schooling for the age group six to eleven should be provided within a period of ten years and within another five years for the eleven to fourteen years age groups. Intermediate classes were suggested to transfer from the jurisdiction of the universities to the board of secondary education. The course of study for the B.A/Bsc extended from two to three years. In engineering and medical colleges the duration of the degree course was suggested four years. At higher secondary stage, teaching of science subjects was given much emphasis. The financial outlay for this plan was Rs 463 million. For Federal and Provinces, the Public service commission was suggested separated.
Third Five Year Plan (1965-70)
It recognized “the concept of education as a vital national investment and a major determination of the nation’s economic growth.”
The Third Plan aimed at widening the base of primary education and proposed to increase the primary enrolment rate from 45 to 70 per cent in 1970. This implied additional enrolment of 2.8 million children in primary schools by 1970. To this end, 42,500 new schools were proposed to be set up in West Pakistan.
World’s best passports (by number of countries granting visa-free access)
1. Germany — 177
2. Sweden — 176
3. Finland, France, Italy, Spain, UK — 175
4. Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, U.S. — 174
5. Austria, Japan, Singapore — 173
6. Canada, Ireland, Luxembourg, Norway, Portugal, South Korea, Switzerland — 172
7. Greece, New Zealand — 171
8. Australia — 169
9. Malta — 168
10. Czech Republic, Hungary, Iceland — 167
11. Slovakia — 165
12. Liechtenstein, Malaysia, Slovenia — 164
13. Latvia — 163
14. Estonia, Lithuania — 162
15. Poland — 161
16. Monaco — 160
17. Cyprus — 159
18. San Marino — 156
19. Chile — 155
20. Hong Kong — 154
World’s worst passports
94. Liberia — 43
95. Burundi, North Korea, Myanmar — 42
96. Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of Congo, Lebanon, Sri Lanka — 39
97. Kosovo, South Sudan, Yemen — 38
98. Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iran, Nepal, Palestinian Territory, Sudan — 37
99. Libya — 36
100. Syria — 32
101. Somalia — 31
102. Iraq — 30
103. Pakistan — 29
104. Afghanistan — 25
The WordPress.com stats helper monkeys prepared a 2015 annual report for this blog.
Here’s an excerpt:
A San Francisco cable car holds 60 people. This blog was viewed about 3,600 times in 2015. If it were a cable car, it would take about 60 trips to carry that many people.
Today the Pakistani FIA arrested a twitter activist Jalal Qazi from Peshawar for making a tweet on 22nd Sept, they placed upon him charges for violating the Electronic Transaction Ordinance of 2002 specifically clause 36: Violation of Privacy of Information and 37: Damage to Information Systems (read clauses below) these are, as per my understanding (?), non-bailable offenses permitting the FIA unbridled arrest of Jalal Qazi for up to 90 days without follow-up
Digging into the issue after his arrest, it seems the case hovers around a set of tweets made by Qazi Jalal on 22nd September (tweets deleted) where he posted referencing to an engagement card of a certain Mr Faizan Malik – who would be the son-in-law of Justice Irshad Qaiser, the judge who granted bail to the Vice Chancellor of Abdul Wali Khan University Ihsan Ali who was arrested a few days earlier for corruption. Faizan Malik is a lecturer who has also been under investigation of the 1400 appointees who were appointed into the university during the ANP tenure – he specifically started his tenure as a lecturer in May 2012. FYI this CV hosted on the university website establishes the Faizan Malik being the son of Ghulam Mohy-ud-Din Malik.
On 15th September the VC of Abdul Wali Khan University Ihsan Ali and three other people were arrested by Ehtisab Commission and sent to 14-day remand to Peshawar Central Jailforinvolvement in corruption to the tune of Rs 550 Million, the media published reports on this arrest playing a sympathetic anti-educationist angle almost blaming Ehtesab commission for wrongdoing, this case took an interesting twist when on 22nd September, 7 days later after the arrest the VC Ihsan Ali he was granted bail by Justice Irshad Qaiser. Which may have, in normal circumstances been a routine had it not been for some investigative sleuthing of Jalal Qazi who established a conflict-of-interest of the judge and linked her son-in-law Faizan Malik to Abdul Wali Khan University, and his own ongoing investigation.
The on-ground reports from Peshawar is that, FIA is responding and harassing Jalal Qazi on the instructions of Justice Irshad Qaiser, the arrested/release V/C Ihsan Ali, ANP Senator Sitara Ayaz (who is ironically also subverting arrests from Ehtisab Commission under a treasure cove of ‘stay orders’ issued by Justice Irshad Qaiser, Jalal Qazi reported on her case as well) and also being fully pushed by the ANP party as they are intrinsically involved in the corruption scandal.
The more pertinent issue is if this tweet was wrong as deemed by the honorable judge, Jalal Qazi should have been asked by the honorable judge, even in pursuant of a proper legal proceeding to ask him to delete &/or apologize for this inaccurate information, but quite ironically she chose to bully and harass Jalal using the FIA to exercise the ETO ordinance 2002, which if you read the clauses below, there is truly no direct violation under which Jalal Qazi should be arrested, unless they choose to draw hypothetical conclusions to the wordings of the law, best past is that a tweet gathering a mere 8 retweets was deemed damaging the repute of the corrupt people involved in the AWKU and others directly/indirectly involved.