Education Development in Pakistan

The article 25-A of Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan says,

“The state shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years in such a manner as may be determined by law”.

Pakistan achieved independence from British colonial rule on August 14, 1947. At independence 85% of the population was illeterate , and the condition of women and backward areas was even worse.

National Education Conference (1947)

One of the first steps towards education development in Pakistan was the National Education Conference in 1947. The Quaid-e-Azam, in his message to the Conferences said,

“There is no doubt that the future of our State will and must greatly depend upon the type of education we give to our children, and the way in which we bring them up as future citizens of Pakistan ….. We should not forget that we have to compete with the world which is moving very fast in this direction.”

National Plan of Educational Development
(1951-57)

In 1951, a conference for Educational Development was held to adopt six-year plan for the period 1951-57. Towards the Educational Development the principal constraint identified was that of lack of trained teachers. It was studied that about 50% of the teachers in primary schools were untrained.

The plan proposed to establish over 24,000 new primary schools, and the expansion of primary schools would require over 86,000 additional teachers.

However, the efforts were failed to produce the desired results.

 

First Five Year Plan (1955-60)

The recommendations and programmes of the six year national plan of educational development were taken into consideration by the planning board of the government.

It proclaimed that “a system of universal primary education is imperative”. A system of free and compulsory primary education for both, boys and girls, was expected to be in place in about twenty years, i.e. by about 1975 to 1980. The Plan proposed to add 4000 new schools.

In order to achieve various targets set during the plan period, a sum of Rs.580,70 million was allocated for the education sector of the plan.

 

National Education Commission 1959

On 30th December 1958, led by the Chief Secretary, Mr. S. M. Sharif, National Education Commission was established.

On 5th January 1959 the Commission started to prepared education policy. On Aug 26, 1959, the Commission submitted its report covers 350 pages. The Commission reports had the following key points:-

Commission emphasized the importance on higher education, vocational education, primary education, secondary education, adult education, education, physical education, religious education, the arts, education of children with disabilities, educational institutions, and of military training.

Training of teachers and their prosperity measures were suggested.

Duration of BA / BSc courses increased from two years to three years was recommended. For passing exam percentage as a whole 50% and for pass in individual 40% marks were suggested. Fifty percent of the total number of higher education appointed exam pass forty percent of the recommended numbers. Quran-e-Pak education was compulsory. Urdu declared as a compulsory subject from six classes to degree level. Duration of initial education suggested as eight year.

The National Education Commission recommendations were useful but due to the conditions of country and the situation of resources they were not applied well.

 

Second Five Year Plan (1960-65)

Th second five-year plan was developed by the planning commission. It was recommended that compulsory schooling for the age group six to eleven should be provided within a period of ten years and within another five years for the eleven to fourteen years age groups. Intermediate classes were suggested to transfer from the jurisdiction of the universities to the board of secondary education. The course of study for the B.A/Bsc extended from two to three years. In engineering and medical colleges the duration of the degree course was suggested four years. At higher secondary stage, teaching of science subjects was given much emphasis. The financial outlay for this plan was Rs 463 million. For Federal and Provinces, the Public service commission was suggested separated.

 

Third Five Year Plan (1965-70)

It recognized “the concept of education as a vital national investment and a major determination of the nation’s economic growth.”

The Third Plan aimed at widening the base of primary education and proposed to increase the primary enrolment rate from 45 to 70 per cent in 1970. This implied additional enrolment of 2.8 million children in primary schools by 1970. To this end, 42,500 new schools were proposed to be set up in West Pakistan.

World’s best and worst passports revealed

World’s best passports (by number of countries granting visa-free access)

1. Germany — 177

2. Sweden — 176

3. Finland, France, Italy, Spain, UK — 175

4. Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, U.S. — 174

5. Austria, Japan, Singapore — 173

6. Canada, Ireland, Luxembourg, Norway, Portugal, South Korea, Switzerland — 172

7. Greece, New Zealand — 171

8. Australia — 169

9. Malta — 168

10. Czech Republic, Hungary, Iceland — 167

11. Slovakia — 165

12. Liechtenstein, Malaysia, Slovenia — 164

13. Latvia — 163

14. Estonia, Lithuania — 162

15. Poland — 161

16. Monaco — 160

17. Cyprus — 159

18. San Marino — 156

19. Chile — 155

20. Hong Kong — 154

World’s worst passports

94. Liberia — 43

95. Burundi, North Korea, Myanmar — 42

96. Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of Congo, Lebanon, Sri Lanka — 39

97. Kosovo, South Sudan, Yemen — 38

98. Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iran, Nepal, Palestinian Territory, Sudan — 37

99. Libya — 36

100. Syria — 32

101. Somalia — 31

102. Iraq — 30

103. Pakistan — 29

104. Afghanistan — 25160301100336-sweden-passports-01-exlarge-169

UFO Entering Interdimensional Portal Above CERN – HOAX

On 7 December 2015, the YouTube Channel “Section 51” published a video purportedly showing a UFO entering an inter-dimensional portal. An accompanying article claimed that the event was filmed in Geneva, Switzerland, near the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research.Geneva, Switzerland. US tourists filmed UFO/strange orb entering Interdimensional Portal in the sky of Geneva, just over CERN area.

The video soon became fodder for publications such as Yahoo News, The Mirror, and The Daily Mail, all of whom reported that the clip had stirred online debate about the authenticity of the video.
While it’s true that some internet commentators are claiming that a UFO really did enter an inter-dimensional portal over the Large Hadron Collider, that simply isn’t the case. This is a fake video created by a YouTube channel that specializes in hoax videos.
Section 51 has previously published fake videos purportedly showing “ancient pyramids in Antarctica,” a “giant UFO over parliament”. Section 51 is so prolific that it even promises to provide “new UFO sightings every Monday & Thursday.”cern-hoax-ufo-portal.png

Qazi Jalal arrested in Peshawar for a Tweet


jalaaa

Today the Pakistani FIA arrested a twitter activist Jalal Qazi from Peshawar for making a tweet on 22nd Sept, they placed upon him charges for violating the Electronic Transaction Ordinance of 2002 specifically clause 36: Violation of Privacy of Information and 37: Damage to Information Systems (read clauses below) these are, as per my understanding (?), non-bailable offenses permitting the FIA unbridled arrest of Jalal Qazi for up to 90 days without follow-up



Digging into the issue after his arrest, it seems the case hovers around a set of tweets made by Qazi Jalal on 22nd September (tweets deleted) where he posted referencing to an engagement card of a certain Mr Faizan Malik – who would be the son-in-law of Justice Irshad Qaiser, the judge who granted bail to the Vice Chancellor of Abdul Wali Khan University Ihsan Ali who was arrested a few days earlier for corruption. Faizan Malik is a lecturer who has also been under investigation of the 1400 appointees who were appointed into the university during the ANP tenure – he specifically started his tenure as a lecturer in May 2012. FYI this CV hosted on the university website establishes the Faizan Malik being the son of Ghulam Mohy-ud-Din Malik.

On 15th September the VC of Abdul Wali Khan University Ihsan Ali and three other people were arrested by Ehtisab Commission and sent to 14-day remand to Peshawar Central Jailforinvolvement in corruption to the tune of Rs 550 Million, the media published reports on this arrest playing a sympathetic anti-educationist angle almost blaming Ehtesab commission for wrongdoing, this case took an interesting twist when on 22nd September, 7 days later after the arrest the VC Ihsan Ali he was granted bail by Justice Irshad Qaiser. Which may have, in normal circumstances been a routine had it not been for some investigative sleuthing of Jalal Qazi who established a conflict-of-interest of the judge and linked her son-in-law Faizan Malik to Abdul Wali Khan University, and his own ongoing investigation.

The on-ground reports from Peshawar is that, FIA is responding and harassing Jalal Qazi on the instructions of Justice Irshad Qaiser, the arrested/release V/C Ihsan Ali, ANP Senator Sitara Ayaz (who is ironically also subverting arrests from Ehtisab Commission under a treasure cove of ‘stay orders’ issued by Justice Irshad Qaiser, Jalal Qazi reported on her case as well) and also being fully pushed by the ANP party as they are intrinsically involved in the corruption scandal.

The more pertinent issue is if this tweet was wrong as deemed by the honorable judge, Jalal Qazi should have been asked by the honorable judge, even in pursuant of a proper legal proceeding to ask him to delete &/or apologize for this inaccurate information, but quite ironically she chose to bully and harass Jalal using the FIA to exercise the ETO ordinance 2002, which if you read the clauses below, there is truly no direct violation under which Jalal Qazi should be arrested, unless they choose to draw hypothetical conclusions to the wordings of the law, best past is that a tweet gathering a mere 8 retweets was deemed damaging the repute of the corrupt people involved in the AWKU and others directly/indirectly involved.

Nine office bearers, activists arrested in Karachi: MQM


rangers

KARACHI: The Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) in a press statement released on Thursday claimed that nine of the party’s office bearers and activists were arrested from different areas of Karachi.

“Rangers and police arrested nine MQM office bearers and activists by raiding their houses. The raids were conducted without warrants and the arrested workers were shifted to an undisclosed location,” said the MQM press statement.

“Aijaz and Rana Maqsood, from Shah Faisal unit 108, Kamal and Arshad Naveed of unit 107, Altaf Haider of unit 106 and Nadeem and Zeeshan of unit 105 were arrested,” added the statement

The press statement released by the party also stated that Imran who is the area in-charge of Korangi unit 75, Qasim of unit 70 and Atif Fazal of Mehmoodabad UC-2 were also picked up by security forces.

“The family members of those arrested today are concerned for their safety,” added the statement.

Earlier in August, Rangers had conducted a surgical action in Ranchore Line area and arrested six alleged target killers having reported ties with MQM, according to a Rangers spokesperson.

A few days later, in another raid conducted in the city’s Landhi-VI area, Rangers had claimed to have arrested multiple alleged criminals including target killers in a surgical operation. According to the paramilitary force’s spokesperson, those arrested were also activists of MQM.

Condemning the arrests of its workers, the MQM had said that certain quarters were trying to sabotage its possible dialogue with the federal government.

The party blamed the Sindh Rangers for patronising its rival, Muhajir Qaumi Movement, better known as MQM-Haqiqi, and to allow its cadre to occupy parts of Landhi at gunpoint.

Earlier, the Karachi Corps Commander Lt Gen Naveed Mukhtar had reiterated his trust in Rangers and other law enforcement agencies leading the ‘Karachi operation’, which he said, was “apolitical, indiscriminate and free of any compromise” aimed at bringing the violence-hit city back to normality.

“Karachi operation is apolitical. It is indiscriminate and free of any compromise and pressure. Terrorists, their aides and facilitators are targets of the operation. We will not leave any stone unturned to achieve these targets,” he had said.

It is pertinent to mention here that the MQM resigned from Parliament last week in protest against the Rangers-led operation in Karachi. The political party claims it is being targeted under the garb of the Karachi security operation, whereby its workers are being detained and killed illegally.

No unregistered madressah sealed in Karachi, many other districts


madras

KARACHI: The closure of only 28 unregistered seminaries in Benazirabad and 139 in Hyderabad since the launch of a province-wide operation against 1,423 unregistered seminaries has displeased the authorities who have directed the law-enforcers to ‘go for a fierce hunt’, it emerged on Wednesday.

At least 579 unregistered madressahs — two dozens of them being allegedly involved in extremism — have been functioning in Karachi besides hundreds of others elsewhere in the province, but the law-enforcers appear to be reluctant to take action against them because of the street power many of them wield and the support they get from religious groups and parties, according to officials.

The progress was reviewed at the latest meeting of the apex committee which discussed the issue threadbare and such figures disappointed both Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah and Corps Commander Lt Gen Naveed Mukhtar who said the situation should have been much better than what was being presented before them.

A report prepared by the Sindh Police and submitted to the home department shows that just 167 unregistered madressahs — 139 in Hyderabad and 28 in Benazirabad — have been sealed by the authorities so far. They included 95 Barelvi madressahs, 63 Shia, five Deobandi and four Ahl-i-Hadith madressahs.

No seminary has been sealed in Karachi, Mirpurkhas, Sukkur and Larkana at all, according to the report

“This should be unacceptable to everyone who is striving to restore peace to Sindh,” said a senior official in the home department, adding that the chief minister asked them to go for a ‘fierce hunt’ against all unregistered madressahs.

The report identified a total of 4,021 madressahs in Sindh. Of them, 2,598 were registered and 1,423 unregistered. But the report mentioned that a list of unregistered madressahs was still being prepared by police.

The district-wise number of madressahs documented by the home department shows Tando Allahyar with the least seminaries (30) and Karachi West with the most of madressahs (1,358).

Officials said they had sealed 139 out of 286 unregistered madressahs in Hyderabad and 28 out of 61 in Benazirabad. None of over 1,200 unregistered madressahs elsewhere in Sindh, which included 559 unregistered madressahs only in Karachi West, have been touched so far.

A total of 1,887 madressahs have been identified in Karachi out of which 1,308 are registered. Divided in seven zones, the breakdown of the registered madressahs is: Karachi East (86), Korangi (138), Malir (108), Karachi Central (295), Karachi South (46), Karachi City (76) and Karachi West (559).

An official of the home department said: “We are expediting our effort and orders have been placed to all the relevant departments including the industries ministry to amend its rules forthwith relating to granting permission for the construction of new madressahs.”

No action against new construction

Nearly half of the madressahs across the province were situated in Karachi, the officials said, admitting that no action had been taken so far to stop the construction of new madressahs without having formal permission and registration. “But we are trying to make all possible efforts to stop construction of unregistered seminaries and close the ones already open and spreading its influence and space,” the official added.

Sources privy to the apex committee meeting said that a pro forma had been finalized for the registration of seminaries in the province. They said the pro forma would require management of a madressah to fill in the details of students, teachers and sources of fund, if any, it received.

An official requesting anonymity told Dawn that the reluctance shown by the officials taking action against seminaries in Karachi and certain madressahs elsewhere in Sindh was because of the street power which a number of those seminaries manifested from time to time in the past and were considered to be the ‘reserve force’ for certain religious groups and parties.

“A large number of those seminaries are supported by some political and religious parties, which is the one greatest hurdle in our plan in addition to the street power,” the official said.

Official figures say 388,327 students are enrolled with madressahs in Sindh. Of them, 269,325 students were enrolled with 2,598 registered and around 119,002 enrolled with 1,423 unregistered madressahs.

Ten out of 663 foreign students are found to be enrolled with unregistered madressahs, according to the report.

Officials said majority of the madressahs were owned by Wafaq-ul-Madaris Arabia (Deoband), followed by Tanzeem-ul-Madaris Ahle Sunnat (Barelvi), Wafaq-ul-Madaris (Fiqh Jafria) and Wafaq Al-Sulfia (Ahle Hadith).