CURRENT GLOBAL POLITICAL SCENARIO

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Globally we face a multiple crisis of the economy, energy, food, and of the ecology of the planet. The world is slowly and gradually changing from a unipolar world to a multipolar world, where there are numerous centres of power. Even though it is a subtle process and the USA still holds a superior status, yet the process of change has already taken the first step.

Alternate centres of power have been developed in the world. The European Union, ASEAN- Association of South East Asian countries, SAARC- South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, BRICS- Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, are the organizations, which are slowly and gradually gaining more and more political influence in the international scenario. Even US President Barack Obama said that, “The country he inherits will no longer be able to call the shots alone, as its power over an increasingly Multi-polar world begins to wane”.

Common international problems like environment issues, economic downfalls and terrorism also add to the fact of reducing gaps between the international issues thus giving them a common ground. Global governance and multilateralism would also strengthen the concept of a multipolar world. Hence it can be concluded that even though the world today is not completely multi polar, it is not completely unipolar either.

Natural resources, particularly in the form of clean water and food are ranking candidates to end up fighting over. The First World War was about land grabs. World War Two was about the hearts and minds of different ideologies. The Global security is a delicate balance and it may not take much for it to descend into a global war in a world of 7.5 billion human beings.

The important role that international peacekeeping forces play is maintaining international peace and stability. UN and regional peacekeeping is a strategic priority for the United States. These efforts made by the U.S. with the international community, is helping to save lives and prevent the escalation of conflict. Not only do the UN and regional peacekeeping operations help prevent countries and regions from sliding into chaos, but their very presence reduces the likelihood that military will be called upon

MQM MNA Syed Asif Hasnain join Pak sar zameen Party At Pakistan House

Pak Sarzameen Party

asif hasnani 2

ایم کیو ایم کے رکن قومی اسمبلی آصف حسنین مصطفی کمال کی جماعت پاک سرزمین میں شامل ہوگئے۔ آصف حسنین کا کہنا ہے کہ ملک مخالف نعروں کےبعد ایم کیوایم کے ساتھ نہیں چل سکتا تھا، جبکہ متحدہ قائد کی تقریر کےبعد بانیان پاکستان کےسرجھک گئے۔

کراچی میں مصطفیٰ کمال کے ہمراہ پریس کانفرنس کرتے ہوئے آصف حسنین کا کہنا تھا کہ متحدہ سے جو مجھے مینڈیٹ ملا تھا اسکو میں نے خیر باد کردیا ہے۔ ایم کیو ایم کاووٹر32 سال سے پریشانی کا شکار ہے،22 اگست کا دن سیاہ دن تھا، پاکستان زندہ باد ہے اور ہمیشہ رہے۔ انکا کہنا تھا کہ ایم کیوایم کے قائد نے پہلے بھی ایسی تقاریر کی تھیں، جس پر مجھے تحفظات تھے۔ انہوں نے دعویٰ کیا ہےکہ پی ایس پی کو متحدہ کے بہت سے اراکین اسمبلی اور اہم اراکین جوائن کرنے کی تیاری کررہے ہیں۔

دوسری جانب پاک سرزمین پارٹی کے چیئرمین…

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Education Development in Pakistan

The article 25-A of Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan says,

“The state shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years in such a manner as may be determined by law”.

Pakistan achieved independence from British colonial rule on August 14, 1947. At independence 85% of the population was illeterate , and the condition of women and backward areas was even worse.

National Education Conference (1947)

One of the first steps towards education development in Pakistan was the National Education Conference in 1947. The Quaid-e-Azam, in his message to the Conferences said,

“There is no doubt that the future of our State will and must greatly depend upon the type of education we give to our children, and the way in which we bring them up as future citizens of Pakistan ….. We should not forget that we have to compete with the world which is moving very fast in this direction.”

National Plan of Educational Development
(1951-57)

In 1951, a conference for Educational Development was held to adopt six-year plan for the period 1951-57. Towards the Educational Development the principal constraint identified was that of lack of trained teachers. It was studied that about 50% of the teachers in primary schools were untrained.

The plan proposed to establish over 24,000 new primary schools, and the expansion of primary schools would require over 86,000 additional teachers.

However, the efforts were failed to produce the desired results.

 

First Five Year Plan (1955-60)

The recommendations and programmes of the six year national plan of educational development were taken into consideration by the planning board of the government.

It proclaimed that “a system of universal primary education is imperative”. A system of free and compulsory primary education for both, boys and girls, was expected to be in place in about twenty years, i.e. by about 1975 to 1980. The Plan proposed to add 4000 new schools.

In order to achieve various targets set during the plan period, a sum of Rs.580,70 million was allocated for the education sector of the plan.

 

National Education Commission 1959

On 30th December 1958, led by the Chief Secretary, Mr. S. M. Sharif, National Education Commission was established.

On 5th January 1959 the Commission started to prepared education policy. On Aug 26, 1959, the Commission submitted its report covers 350 pages. The Commission reports had the following key points:-

Commission emphasized the importance on higher education, vocational education, primary education, secondary education, adult education, education, physical education, religious education, the arts, education of children with disabilities, educational institutions, and of military training.

Training of teachers and their prosperity measures were suggested.

Duration of BA / BSc courses increased from two years to three years was recommended. For passing exam percentage as a whole 50% and for pass in individual 40% marks were suggested. Fifty percent of the total number of higher education appointed exam pass forty percent of the recommended numbers. Quran-e-Pak education was compulsory. Urdu declared as a compulsory subject from six classes to degree level. Duration of initial education suggested as eight year.

The National Education Commission recommendations were useful but due to the conditions of country and the situation of resources they were not applied well.

 

Second Five Year Plan (1960-65)

Th second five-year plan was developed by the planning commission. It was recommended that compulsory schooling for the age group six to eleven should be provided within a period of ten years and within another five years for the eleven to fourteen years age groups. Intermediate classes were suggested to transfer from the jurisdiction of the universities to the board of secondary education. The course of study for the B.A/Bsc extended from two to three years. In engineering and medical colleges the duration of the degree course was suggested four years. At higher secondary stage, teaching of science subjects was given much emphasis. The financial outlay for this plan was Rs 463 million. For Federal and Provinces, the Public service commission was suggested separated.

 

Third Five Year Plan (1965-70)

It recognized “the concept of education as a vital national investment and a major determination of the nation’s economic growth.”

The Third Plan aimed at widening the base of primary education and proposed to increase the primary enrolment rate from 45 to 70 per cent in 1970. This implied additional enrolment of 2.8 million children in primary schools by 1970. To this end, 42,500 new schools were proposed to be set up in West Pakistan.

World’s best and worst passports revealed

World’s best passports (by number of countries granting visa-free access)

1. Germany — 177

2. Sweden — 176

3. Finland, France, Italy, Spain, UK — 175

4. Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, U.S. — 174

5. Austria, Japan, Singapore — 173

6. Canada, Ireland, Luxembourg, Norway, Portugal, South Korea, Switzerland — 172

7. Greece, New Zealand — 171

8. Australia — 169

9. Malta — 168

10. Czech Republic, Hungary, Iceland — 167

11. Slovakia — 165

12. Liechtenstein, Malaysia, Slovenia — 164

13. Latvia — 163

14. Estonia, Lithuania — 162

15. Poland — 161

16. Monaco — 160

17. Cyprus — 159

18. San Marino — 156

19. Chile — 155

20. Hong Kong — 154

World’s worst passports

94. Liberia — 43

95. Burundi, North Korea, Myanmar — 42

96. Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of Congo, Lebanon, Sri Lanka — 39

97. Kosovo, South Sudan, Yemen — 38

98. Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iran, Nepal, Palestinian Territory, Sudan — 37

99. Libya — 36

100. Syria — 32

101. Somalia — 31

102. Iraq — 30

103. Pakistan — 29

104. Afghanistan — 25160301100336-sweden-passports-01-exlarge-169

UFO Entering Interdimensional Portal Above CERN – HOAX

On 7 December 2015, the YouTube Channel “Section 51” published a video purportedly showing a UFO entering an inter-dimensional portal. An accompanying article claimed that the event was filmed in Geneva, Switzerland, near the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research.Geneva, Switzerland. US tourists filmed UFO/strange orb entering Interdimensional Portal in the sky of Geneva, just over CERN area.

The video soon became fodder for publications such as Yahoo News, The Mirror, and The Daily Mail, all of whom reported that the clip had stirred online debate about the authenticity of the video.
While it’s true that some internet commentators are claiming that a UFO really did enter an inter-dimensional portal over the Large Hadron Collider, that simply isn’t the case. This is a fake video created by a YouTube channel that specializes in hoax videos.
Section 51 has previously published fake videos purportedly showing “ancient pyramids in Antarctica,” a “giant UFO over parliament”. Section 51 is so prolific that it even promises to provide “new UFO sightings every Monday & Thursday.”cern-hoax-ufo-portal.png