Bob Marley

  • Name: Bob Marley
  • Born: February 6, 1945 (Aquarius)
  • Birthplace: Saint Ann Parish, Jamaica
  • Occupation: Musician, singer, songwriter
  • Band: Bob Marley & the Wailers (lead singer)
  • Biggest Hits: One Love, Buffalo Soldier, Is this Love, No Woman No Cry, Get up Stand Up
  • Random Fact: Bob loved to play soccer.
  • Died: May 11, 1981 (aged 36)


    “Only once in your life, I truly believe, you find someone who can completely turn your world around. You tell them things that you’ve never shared with another soul and they absorb everything you say and actually want to hear more. You share hopes for the future, dreams that will never come true, goals that were never achieved and the many disappointments life has thrown at you. When something wonderful happens, you can’t wait to tell them about it, knowing they will share in your excitement. They are not embarrassed to cry with you when you are hurting or laugh with you when you make a fool of yourself. Never do they hurt your feelings or make you feel like you are not good enough, but rather they build you up and show you the things about yourself that make you special and even beautiful. There is never any pressure, jealousy or competition but only a quiet calmness when they are around. You can be yourself and not worry about what they will think of you because they love you for who you are. The things that seem insignificant to most people such as a note, song or walk become invaluable treasures kept safe in your heart to cherish forever. Memories of your childhood come back and are so clear and vivid it’s like being young again. Colours seem brighter and more brilliant. Laughter seems part of daily life where before it was infrequent or didn’t exist at all. A phone call or two during the day helps to get you through a long day’s work and always brings a smile to your face. In their presence, there’s no need for continuous conversation, but you find you’re quite content in just having them nearby. Things that never interested you before become fascinating because you know they are important to this person who is so special to you. You think of this person on every occasion and in everything you do. Simple things bring them to mind like a pale blue sky, gentle wind or even a storm cloud on the horizon. You open your heart knowing that there’s a chance it may be broken one day and in opening your heart, you experience a love and joy that you never dreamed possible. You find that being vulnerable is the only way to allow your heart to feel true pleasure that’s so real it scares you. You find strength in knowing you have a true friend and possibly a soul mate who will remain loyal to the end. Life seems completely different, exciting and worthwhile. Your only hope and security is in knowing that they are a part of your life.”


Will President Zardari stay in Pakistan post-retirement?

ISLAMABAD: President Asif Ali Zardari is expected to leave Pakistan to stay abroad for an indefinite period after his retirement on September 8.

Sources close to the president told that his friends advised him to stay away given serious threats to his life. President Zardari has already told his associates he will not contest the next presidential elections. “And why should he? We are not even having a candidate to run for the office of president,” presidential spokesperson Senator Farhatullah Babar said.

The balance of power drastically shifted in favor of Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) after the May 11 general elections. Under Article 41(3), the Electoral College for the president comprises the Senate, National Assembly and the four provincial assemblies. The PML-N enjoys an absolute majority in the electoral college.

Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) MPA Sharmila Faruqi expressed ignorance about the future plans of the president. The presidential spokesperson did not respond to queries about the speculation either.

However, according to sources, the assassination of the president’s chief security officer Bilal Sheikh was a wake up call for President Zardari and his family – once the security layers around them are not intact post-retirement, they could be in an extremely vulnerable position.

Sheikh himself is not the first high profile security officer of the Bhutto himself to be killed. Previously, Khalid Shahenshah, the Bilawal House chief security officer, was killed outside his residence in 2008. In 2011, Imran Jangi, another prominent security officer of the Bhutto family was gunned down in Karachi.

For many, it seems like a natural conclusion. “Look at the president’s public appearances in the last five years. Very rare. He prefers to live in his bunker. Now after losing all presidential privileges he will not stay in Pakistan,” commented a former People’s Party (PPP) leader who requested not to be named.

After assuming office President Zardari faced serious threats to his life – so much so he refused to undergo medical treatment in any hospital in Pakistan. In December 2011, he had a minor heart attack but preferred to be treated in a hospital in Dubai. The then Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gilani had confirmed that the decision was taken on security grounds.

Recently, a palatial bombproof Bilawal House was built in Lahore to enable his secure stay in the provincial capital. In Karachi, layers of security remain in place around Bilawal House whenever he visits the coastal city.

Corruption cases

However, analysts believe the security concerns are not the only reason for President Zardari’s expected post-retirement departure.

Another core reason, the sources said, was the hanging sword of different corruption cases. The Supreme Court already heard a case of reopening Swiss cases pending against him.

The legal aides of President Zardari are aware that presidential immunity will not be available for their client post-September 8. “The immunity under the constitution is not for the person but for the constitutional office that the president is holding so he has immunity until he is in the office of the president,” Barrister Aitzaz Ahsan explained.

A Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) insider said that President Zardari will be ‘remote controlling’ the party from abroad. Meanwhile, he intends to let his son Bilawal Bhutto Zardari take full control of the party.

Opposition Leader in the National Assembly, Syed Khurshid Shah, said the government would be committing a mistake if it reopened ‘baseless and fabricated corruption cases’ against President Zardari.

Senior Supreme Court Advocate, Senator SM Zafar, explained that President Zardari would lose the immunity the day a new president takes oath. “He is retiring on September 8. But he will not lose immunity on September 8. He will only become an ordinary citizen once a new president is in office,” he told

He predicted President Zardari would leave the country before the day of losing his presidential immunity. Once he loses the immunity the government would be at liberty to reopen corruption and other cases against him, he said.

Zafar pointed out the actions which President Zardari undertook in his official capacity might continue to have immunity. “There is a solid argument that all his actions or decisions as President cannot be questioned in any court of law. This is debatable, which the courts may interpret if need arises. But anything pending against him prior to becoming the president is open for litigation,” he explained.


LOS ANGELES – There’s a new spin on supermassive black holes: They’re incredibly fast, astronomers say.   

It’s long been suspected that gigantic black holes lurking in the heart of galaxies rotate faster and grow larger as they feast on gas, dust, stars and matter. But there hasn’t been a reliable measurement of the spin rate of a black hole until now.

While black holes are difficult to detect, the region around them gives off telltale X-rays. Using NASA’s newly launched NuStar telescope and the European Space Agency’s workhorse XMM-Newton, an international team observed high-energy X-rays released by a supermassive black hole in the middle of a nearby galaxy.

They calculated its spin at close to the speed of light – 670 million mph (1.08 billion kph).

This is the first ”unambiguous measurement of the spin rate” of a supermassive black hole, University of Maryland astronomer Christopher Reynolds, who had no role in the research, wrote in an accompanying editorial.

Behemoth black holes – with masses millions to billions times that of the sun – are thought to reside in every galactic center. They’re extremely dense and possess such powerful gravitational tug that not even light can escape.

Scientists are able to pinpoint these monstrous objects from the streams of X-rays emitted during a feeding frenzy. Knowing how fast – or slow – supermassive black holes swirl can help shed light on their growth.

For several days last summer, the two telescopes simultaneously tracked an immense black hole in a spiral galaxy called NGC 1365. The galaxy was chosen because it was 60 million light years away – relatively close by astronomical standards.

Results were published in Thursday’s issue of the journal Nature.

So how fast is the black hole at the center of our Milky Way spinning?   It’s tough to know because our galaxy’s supermassive black hole isn’t as active as the observed one, said lead researcher Guido Risaliti of Italy’s Arcetri Astrophysical Observatory.

Aside from occasional flares, hardly any radiation flows from our black hole, making it difficult to calculate its spin, Risaliti said.

Maryland’s Reynolds said it’s clear that some supermassive black holes rotate very rapidly and there’s a need for more powerful X-ray space telescopes.

”We are learning about some of the most exotic and powerful objects in the universe,” he said in an email. ”This is cool science.”


On December 25, 1876 a child was born in a prominent mercantile family of Karachi who was destined to change the course of history in South Asia and to carve out a homeland for the Muslims of India where they could pursue their destiny according to their faith and ideology.
From his very childhood, young Jinnah developed the habit of stem independence and self-reliance. In 1892, he was called to the Bar at the very early age of 16. He stayed for four year in England and on his return, started his practice in Bombay. The early period was spent in hard and constant labour. However, he soon came to be looked upon not only as a brilliant lawyer, but also as a man of great integrity and character. He was soon elected to the Imperial Legislative Council where he moved the famous Muslim Waqf Bill-the first instance of a Bill passing into legislation on the motion of a private Member.
A lover of freedom and a great patriot, Mr. Jinnah began by accommodating the Congress point of view; and was called the, Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity’ when he brought about a rapprochement between the Congress and the Muslim League in 1916. He soon felt, however, that the Congress was merely a camouflage for consolidating Hindu India at the expense of Muslim, and it was at the London Meetings of the Round Table Conference during 1930-32 that he received the shock of his life. “In the face of danger” he said, “the Hindu sentiment, the Hindu mind, the Hindu attitude led me to the conclusion that there was no hope of unity”.
Mr. Jinnah returned from England in 1934, and set out to galvanise the Muslim League into a most dynamic organisation. “We are a Nation” he asserted, “with our own distinctive culture and civilisation, language and literature, art and architecture, names and nomenclature, sense of value and proportion, legal/ laws and moral code, custom and calendar, history and tradition, aptitude and ambitions; in short, we have our own distinctive outlook on life and of life. By all canons of international law we are a Nation.”
In subsequent years, Mr. Jinnah, popularly known by the title ‘Quaid-e- Azam’ (the Great Leader), came to symbolise the Muslim aspirations for a separate independent homeland, and in 1940 the Muslim League, under his inspiring leadership, demanded that India should be partitioned and the Muslim majority areas should constitute the sovereign, independent State of Pakistan. It was his ardent advocacy and unbending character, his unshakable determination and his ‘Power of persuasion that brought about the successful fruition of the Muslim struggle in the shape of Pakistan.
The Quaid was seventy-one when Pakistan was born. He was spared by Almighty only for one year to set the ship of the new State on its keel. Even during the brief period of his Governor Generalship he strove hard to lay down correct precedents for the growth of a democratic tradition in Pakistan.
He died on September 11, 1948 deeply mourned by a grateful Nation but as one of the great immortals of history .


Passerby photographs Apple store logo with his Samsung Galaxy phone in central Sydney

Tue Dec 18, 2012 – Google’s Motorola Mobility unit cannot assert a patent against Apple Inc which covers a sensor that stops phone users from dialing wrong numbers on touchscreen devices, a U.S. trade judge ruled.

In an entry on the U.S. International Trade Commission docket on Tuesday, Administrative Law Judge Thomas Pender ruled the Motorola patent invalid.

“We’re disappointed with this outcome and are evaluating our options,” Motorola spokeswoman Jennifer Weyrauch-Erickson said. An Apple spokeswoman declined to comment.

Apple has been litigating around the world against various manufacturers of phones that operate on Google’s Android operating system. Google acquired Motorola Mobility for $12.5 billion this year, partly for its library of telecommunications patents.

The ITC, a U.S. trade panel that investigates patent infringement involving imported goods, is a popular venue for patent lawsuits because it can bar the importation of infringing products and because it issues decisions relatively quickly.

In August, the commission found that Apple had not violated three other Motorola patents, and ordered Pender to further examine the touchscreen sensor patent. The full ITC will now review Pender’s latest ruling.

The case in the ITC is In the Matter of Certain Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, Computers and Components Thereof, 337-745.